The contribution of male to couple infertility or subfertility is about 50% which puts men on the same front as women. Male infertility or Subfertility as we now call it, is clearly reflected by semen analysis and in this page we will discuss the various abnormalities of the semen parameters, their causes and their treatment.
Here are some important terms that you should know when dealing with male factor subfertility.
Aspermia is the lack of semen
Azoospemia is the lack of sperms in the semen
Reduced Number of Sperms
Weak sperms with poor motility
Odd shaped sperms with poor morphology
Problems with amount and liquefaction
Many of these problems occur in combination or keep varying from sample to sample. Oligospermia, asthenospermia and teratospermia often co-exist in many cases. Let’s learn about the causes of these problems in men.
What causes issues in Semen
Semen Problems are Complicated. A large part of male subfertility problems is due to unidentified and genetic causes that are either too insignificant to detect or rare. Our science is still progressing and evolving to identify more and more causes of male subfertility. By far stress and poor lifestyle are the other controllable and leading causes of commonly found semen problems. The above chart describes the common causes of male subfertility.
Lifestyle Changes for Male Infertility
Have more of fermented nuts and seeds, Citrus fruits , Bananas, Broccoli , Green Leafy Vegetables, Walnuts, Turmeric, Dark Chocolate, Ginserg, Garlic, Vitamin D, Folate, Zinc30 minutes of exercise, 15 minutes of meditation/breathing exercises, | Avoid saunas/steam baths, laptop use. Avoid junk meals, smoking and limit alcohol. These diet and lifestyle changes have some part to play in patients with oligospermia, asthenospermia and teratozoospermia.
What else can we do to Help ?
The first and foremost thing that you need to deal with subfertility is a proper assessment of possible factors and examination of your genitals. Many times we are able to rule out infections, varicocele and other conditions like absence of Vas deferens also get an idea about you hormones through a personal meeting.
For many conditions such as infections and low grade Varicocele medications can be useful and correct the problems. Even for mild semen abnormalities causing infertility medications called neutraceuticals can be helpful if not curative. Hormones can also be corrected through medications
Certain problems such as varicocele, Phimosis, Ejaculatory duct blockage and identifiable blockage in the passage of sperms such as a prior vasectomy may be corrected with minor surgical procedures to restore optimum fertility. Many of these surgeries are microscopic and require high degree of skill and training for best outcomes.